More than 45 years of experience

Creation of Common Effluent Treatment Plants (CETP)

Project details
Water & Sanitation
Project volume: 
89,170 €
Value of services: 
89,170 €
Start of project: 
September, 2020
End of project: 
July, 2021
Project description: 

Need for the CETP Compendium

In 2001, the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) published the “Guidelines for Management, Operation and Maintenance of Common Effluent Treatment Plants”. These provide guidance and support to CETP operators on how CETPs can be set up and managed, and on necessary requirements for the operations of a CETP and how a CETP can be successfully maintained and monitored.

In addition, GIZ together with the Confederation of Indian Industries (CII) Triveni Water Institute brought out the document “Common Effluent Treatment Plants: Overview, Technologies and Case Examples” in 2015. The document compiles information on problems faced by the sector, relevant environment-friendly technologies and results of case studies undertaken by GIZ. The document was targeted at policy makers, regulators and CETP operators and wanted to support them with improving the environmental performance of CETPs. Therefore, the document contains information on standards, legal framework and schemes relevant for CETPs, technological characteristics of CETPs as well as business and management models for CETPs. Beyond that, the document also contains case studies.

Although these two documents already contain a lot of relevant information on CETPs for different stakeholders, a new CETP Compendium is still seen as relevant. This is due to the fact that the documents still do not contain concisely all relevant information on CETPs.

Moreover, the documents are already outdated and new information on relevant technologies and business models is existing. At the same time, the European IPCC Bureau brought out a Best Available Techniques Reference Document (BREF) on “Common Waste Water and Waste Gas Treatment/Management Systems in the Chemical Sector” detailing various aspects in great detail (



Service description: 
  1. The CETP Compendium shall include concisely all relevant information, with details on (a) regulations and legal requirements for CETPs; (b) information for planning, establishing, operations and management of CETPs; (c) CETP technologies; (d) monitoring and measurements of pollutants; (e) international best practices; (f) CETP business models, including ownership, funding and financing structure, maintenance, and (g) incentive mechanisms for CETPs (taking into account the newly developed business models). On the technical aspects, the compendium should cover all relevant aspects such as environmental management systems, resource (water, energy, materials) saving aspects, wastewater management including collection, treatment, recycle/reuse and disposal, waste management including treatment of waste water sludge, waste gas management including its collection and treatment, odour emissions etc. Additional requirements of the CETP Compendium to be based on the ‘needs assessment’ task to be undertaken by the consultants with various stakeholders.
  2. Gap analysis on currently available information on CETPs within India (incl. screening of CETP Guidelines and CETP Reference documents; GIZ Handbook “Common Effluent Treatment Plants: Overview, Technologies and Case Examples”, research on latest information on CETPs within India) and needs assessment for the CETP Compendium. This includes screening of all relevant information on the existing CETPs in India, viz. Best practices, adequacy of existing guideline documents/reference documents, adequacy of existing incentive mechanisms, effectiveness of existing business models for setting up and operation of CETPs.
  3. Screening of internationally available information on CETPs and international best practices on CETPs, including information on guideline documents/reference documents, technologies, emission standards/limits, incentive mechanisms as well as highly effective business models (with a focus on information, which might be suitable for India).
  4. Recommendations on most appropriate business models for CETPs in India (up to 3 nos.), which should take into consideration best available business models of existing CETPs, existing models with the best performing and soundly maintained and operated CETPs, as well as financially well-funded CETPs.
  5. Recommendation on viable incentive mechanisms for promoting CETPs that ensure proper treatment of wastewater for reducing pollution and going beyond compliance with the statutory requirements (taking into account the most appropriate business models for CETPs).

The objective of the consultancy services is to develop a ‘CETP Compendium’ with a collection of concise but detailed information on various relevant topics on Common Effluent Treatment Plants, which can be used as a reference document by various stakeholders, viz. Policy makers, regulatory agencies, CETP companies, industries, government agencies etc. for policy making, planning, establishing, operation and management, developing incentive mechanisms etc.