Tanzania was undergoing a major reform of the water sector in line with the National Water Sector Development Strategy (NWSDS). The future institutions of water supply and sewerage services are commercial Water Supply and Sewerage Authorities (WSSA), regulated by the Energy and Water Utilities Regulatory Authority (EWURA).
In this context, a nationwide study of options for clustering was carried out, covering all existing Urban Water Supply and Sewerage Authorities, 98 gazetted and eight not yet gazetted Town Water Boards and six national water schemes.
In phase 1, the study aimed at identifying and agreeing appropriate clustering options as well as identifying two model clusters where implementation of the new institutional framework approach can be undertaken on a pilot basis.
In the second phase of the project (since June 2010), the two selected clusters (Tanga & Morogoro) will be supported in their transition to a clustered WSSA as well as in setting up their business plans and harmonising management, staffing and operation of the cluster entities.