40 years of experience

Consulting services on rehabilitation measures on behalf of the national mission on Clean Ganga

Project details
Country: 
India
Associated enterprises: 
Department: 
Water & Sanitation
Project volume: 
1,328,750 €
Currency: 
Value of services: 
1,122,250 €
Start of project: 
August, 2016
End of project: 
November, 2018
Project description: 

The Ganga River provides livelihood to more than 500 million people. It is the source for drinking water and many economic and agricultural activities. A healthy river landscape provides a habitat for many plants and animals. Besides this, the Ganga River also has high cultural and religious significance.

Efforts to rejuvenate the Ganga over the last 30 years included considerable investments in urban infrastructure for wastewater treatment, while the investment in improved framework conditions to ensure sustainable operations have been neglected. Funds allocated by the Indian Government and donors (including the World Bank) amounting to billions of Euros remained partially unused due to poor implementation structures and insufficient capacities. Hence, the share of treated urban wastewater remained well below 50% of the total wastewater generated. A survey of the Central Pollution Control Board revealed that the overall treatment capacity is running at less than 60% in the 51 assessed plants. About 30% of the plants of the evaluated plants are not fully operational or not operational at all. The situation fares similar when looking at industrial wastewater. Only the big companies have effluent sewage treatment plants, which often are not properly operated.

The project is part of the DC-Programme „Sustainable Urban and Industrial Development”. The TC-project focuses on the entire Ganga river basin in India. Measures at the regional level will be concentrated in the state of Uttarakhand. Partners are the central government, states administrations and selected municipalities. The measure follows a multi-sector approach at the national level that considers urban and industrial wastewater problems and also all other stress factors affecting river basin management.

Service description: 

Working area 2: Strategic support for implementation in the State Project Management Group (SPMG) of Uttarakhand

Capacity Development of SPMG and communication and information management

  • Detailed capacity needs assessment for SPMG;
  • Capacity assessment of other stakeholders as Jal Nigam, SIIDCUL (State Industrial Infrastructure Development Cooperation of Uttarakhand Limited) and ULBs (Urban Local Bodys);
  • Detailed CD concept and result oriented CD plan addressing the most urgent & prioritised needs of SPMG and other stakeholders;
  • Documentation of the improved SPMG management and steering structure in-line with the NGBRA (National Ganga River Basin Authority) / Namami Gange framework, including processes and job descriptions;
  • Minutes of decisions taken, staff meetings etc.;
  • Documentation of the annual training program for staff with reports of trainings and exposure visits implemented;
  • Documentation of implemented CD measures;
  • Evaluation of the CD programme;
  • Operational GIS and MIS system, integrated with the NMCG (National Mission of Clean Ganga) system;
  • Communication and coordination procedures (e.g. a knowledge and experience exchange platform); and
  • Documentation of results/ impacts of gender sensitive public outreach efforts (as surveys on behavioural change, testimonies, films/ videos, visualization materials etc.).

River Basin Management and integrated planning

  • Description of working practices and processes for the implementation of the NGBRA master plan/ Namami Gange framework, including gender related aspects; and
  • Survey of key actors at the state level: Drinking Water Department, Water Directorate (Jal Nigam), Department of Urban Development (DoUD), UK State Pollution Control Board (UEEPCB), SIIDCUL and selected municipalities on the performance of SPMG.

Industrial wastewater treatment

  • SPMG strategy (paper) for supporting industries/ industrial clusters in implementing economic feasible, environment-friendly and sustainable infrastructure;
  • Inventory of industries and sources of pollution in selected industrial zone/ cluster caused by industrial wastewater reaching the river Ganga or one of its tributaries;
  • Detailed proposals/ plans of at least 5 concrete measures for the improvement of the technical, organisational and economic performance of 10 (C)ETPs;
  • Manuals/ guidelines for planning, implementation and operation of (C)ETPs, based on the analysis of existing plants, agreed upon with responsible institutions of the industrial sector, approved by the operators; and
  • Documentation and dissemination of successful best practice cases.

Domestic wastewater treatment

  • Stakeholder map of the urban sector;
  • Study on main problems/ pollution to the river Ganga caused by selected cities in Uttarakhand;
  • Reports on trainings and exposure visits carried out on best available technologies;
  • Manuals/ guidelines for planning, implementation and operation of sanitation systems, based on the analysis of existing systems (conventional and on-conventional), agreed upon with responsible institutions of the urban sector;
  • Proposal of concrete measures for the improvement of the technical, organisational and economic performance of 10 existing STPs or sewerage systems, including models for economic viable operation, considering first recommendations given in the rapid appraisal report 2015;
  • Written agreements for the implementation of efficiency enhancement measures with the operators;
  • Documentation and dissemination of successful best practice cases/ model solutions for urban sanitation;
  • Process landscape documenting the integration/ embedding of important stakeholders as Jal Nigam and ULBs; and
  • Survey of key actors at the state level: Water Directorate (Jal Nigam), Department of Urban Development (DoUD), Drinking Water Department, State Pollution Control Board (UEPPCB) and selected municipalities on the performance of SPMG UK.
Objectives: 

The objective of the project has been defined as: Responsible stakeholders at national and at state level increasingly apply integrated river basin management approaches for the rejuvenation of the river Ganga. The project concept includes two components (1) strengthening the knowledge base related to river basin management at the national level and (2) strengthening of capacities for the implementation measures related to the rejuvenation of the Ganga river in the state of Uttarakhand. The consultant was contracted to implement the second component of the project.

Currency: