More than 45 years of experience

Implementation of pilot project along the plastic value chain in Manado

Project details
Waste Management
Project volume: 
1,291,975 €
Value of services: 
1,291,975 €
Start of project: 
October, 2021
End of project: 
May, 2024
Project background: 

In the ASEAN region, approximately 202,000 metric tons of waste (2012) are produced per day, and forecasts expect this figure to double by 2025. Population growth, rising prosperity and changing consumer habits are leading to significantly increasing quantities of waste in all countries of the ASEAN region, only a portion of which is collected and disposed of properly. Of particular importance are plastic materials, which are being used in rapidly increasing quantities due to their durability and multiple uses. It is estimated that the ASEAN countries of Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Myanmar alone are responsible for about a quarter of the approximately 31.9 million tons of plastic waste that enters the environment each year worldwide. Of this, an estimated 4 to 12 million tons reach the oceans. The main source of this waste is inadequate waste management in the countries. Only a small proportion of the population is connected to a regular waste collection system and recycling and landfilling of waste is inadequate. Recycling takes place only to a limited extent, but provides a livelihood for many people in the informal sector. However, occupational safety and environmental protection are not sufficiently taken into account. Women are particularly affected, as they often have access only to lower-quality recyclables and play only a marginal role in their marketing.

Service description: 
  • Establish a paradigm of informed planning and monitoring as a basis for decision-making and management and provide technical expertise and recommendations to the City regarding procedures to implement the SWMP and access to local subsidies to support implementation of pilot measures. In addition, provide training and capacity building for City officials, as well as other stakeholders who might be implementing actions included in the integrated SWMP.
  • Analyse options and development strategies that can be pursued at the city level, based on existing best practices, tailored to the context and specific needs of the City. Provide expertise and recommendations to the City for establishing an innovation grant scheme (e.g. through local subsidies or through sub-contracts) aiming to stimulate initiatives on all levels along the plastic value chain in order to reduce or prevent plastic leakage in nature. In addition, ensure that both the change strategy and the innovation grant scheme followed stakeholders’ participatory processes.
  • Perform a baseline assessment of the informal sector activities, motivations and economics, understanding how the informal sector interacts with formal governmental and private sector waste management activities. Based on these findings, develop pilot projects for recyclable waste collection and process. The pilots will also consider possible sources of finance, including local subsidies for NGOs working with the informal sector. Support the implementation of one pilot and facilitate the agreements between all stakeholders involved.
  • Provide advisory and capacity development services to Municipal administration and other relevant actors in implementing an integrated behaviour change strategy. The Contractor will support the implementation of the short-term measures, during the first 12-18 months, and facilitate stakeholders’ involvement.

Overall objective

The regional project “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle to Protect the Marine Environment and Coral Reefs” pursues the following objective:

„The conceptual framework for reducing land-based waste leakage into the sea has improved in selected ASEAN countries”.

Specific objective

Implement one pilot projects in Manado, North Sulawesi, on plastic waste management.

  • In one pilot municipality in Indonesia , the estimated plastic waste input in waterways has been reduced by 20% of 4800 tonnes/ year in total.
  • Options for greenhouse gas mitigation in the waste sector have been identified, the amount of inadequately collected, recycled or disposed plastic waste has been reduced by 20% of 6700 t/year in total.
  • Three joint implementation steps of private and/ or public stakeholders for the improvement of plastic waste prevention or management are documented.