More than 45 years of experience

Implementation of pilot project on 3R (reduce, reuse, recycle) in the Philippines

Project details
Waste Management
Project volume: 
952,140 €
Value of services: 
952,140 €
Start of project: 
December, 2021
End of project: 
April, 2024
Project background: 

In the ASEAN region, approximately 202,000 metric tons of waste (2012) are produced per day, and forecasts expect this figure to double by 2025. Population growth, rising prosperity and changing consumer habits are leading to significantly increasing quantities of waste in all countries of the ASEAN region, only a portion of which is collected and disposed of properly. Of particular importance are plastic materials, which are being used in rapidly increasing quantities due to their durability and multiple uses. It is estimated that the ASEAN countries of Indonesia, Philippines, Vietnam, Thailand, Malaysia and Myanmar alone are responsible for about a quarter of the approximately 31.9 million tons of plastic waste that enters the environment each year worldwide. Of this, an estimated 4 to 12 million tons reach the oceans. The main source of this waste is inadequate waste management in the countries. Only a small proportion of the population is connected to a regular waste collection system and recycling and landfilling of waste is inadequate. Recycling takes place only to a limited extent, but provides a livelihood for many people in the informal sector.

Service description: 
  • Establish a paradigm of informed planning and monitoring as a basis for decision-making and management and provide technical expertise and recommendations to the City regarding procedures to implement the SWMP and access to local subsidies to support implementation of pilot measures. In addition, provide training and capacity building for City officials, as well as other stakeholders who might be implementing actions included in the integrated SWMP.
  • Perform a baseline assessment of the informal sector activities, motivations and economics, understanding how the informal sector interacts with formal governmental and private sector waste management activities. Based on these findings, develop pilot projects for recyclable waste collection and process. The pilots will also consider possible sources of finance, including local subsidies for NGOs working with the informal sector. Support the implementation of one pilot and facilitate the agreements between all stakeholders involved.
  • Provide advisory and capacity development services to municipal administration and other relevant actors in implementing behaviour change measures and change projects related to consumption or production, and support the implementation of 3-4 short-term measures on either behaviour change or consumption/ production. Provide expertise and recommendations to the municipality for establishing a crowd funding/ grant scheme aiming to encourage initiatives towards reducing plastic waste in production and consumption.

Overall objective

The regional project “Reduce, Reuse, Recycle to Protect the Marine Environment and Coral Reefs” pursues the following objective:

„The conceptual framework for reducing land-based waste leakage into the sea has improved in selected ASEAN countries”.

Specific objective:

Implement a pilot project on 3R (Reduce, Reuse, Recycle) in the Philippines

  • In one municipality in the Philippines, the estimated plastic waste input in waterways has been reduced by 20% of 4800 tonnes/ year in total.